At the beginning of the Revolutionary period the inhabitants were divided into two parties. It is difficult to say which one was the loudest in protestation of loyalty to George III, whom all acknowledged as their rightful sovereign, but few if any were found to deny the existence of grave grievance. The widest difference of opinion prevailed, however, as to the proper means of obtaining redress. The weaker party urged the most pacific measures, and condemned the formation of congress and committees.But a majority scouted such moderation, and no sooner had the resolutions of Congress been received at Newtown than these hastened, at the call of their supervisor, Jeromus Remsen jr., to adopt their recommendations. A large number assembled at the town-house, and seventeen persons were appointed to act as a committee of correspondence, and to see that the association formed by Congress be strictly adhered to within the limits of the town. The said persons were: Philip Edsall, Thomas Lawrence, Daniel Lawrence, Jacob Blackwell, Richard Alsop, Daniel Rapelje, Jonathan Lawrence, Samuel Moore, William Furman, William Howard, Jeromus Remsen, Samuel Riker, John Alburtis, Abraham Brinkerhoff, James Way, Samuel Morell and Jonathan Coe. Although meeting with much opposition the friends of liberty in Newtown responded to a call of the New York committee, inviting them to send a representative to a convention to be held in that city for the purpose of choosing delegates to a second general Congress. The loyalists exerted themselves to defeat the election of deputies, and circulated a paper entitled the QUEENS COUNTY FREEHOLDER, which "leveled its whole force at the very essence of a Continental Congress." in order to counteract the pernicious influence publication, and incite the people to action, the issued, on the day of election, an eloquent appeal freeholder of Newton. It is a remarkable {?} while the body of the Newtown people were in {?} deputies, every other town in Queens County {?} voice against deputies. In the Prosecution of {?} measures the convention advised the immediate {?ation} of the militia. Newtown consisted of two the north and the south. In the former a company armed under Captain Jonathan Lawrence, an in another under Captain Abraham Remsen, The containing 107 and the other 86 men. The Newtown Loop of light horse, consisting of 44 men, was commissioned by Captain Richard Lawrence, and afterward by another, Captain Daniel Lawrence. Samuel Riker second Lieutenant, Jonathan Coe Cornet. Excitement was heightened by the news that the general convention at Philadelphia had dissolved colonies with the mother country. Copies of the situation were received at Newtown and read at the meeting of each company. That blood must soon flow was evident, for the British troops had made a landing on Staten Island, and their nearer approach was expected. The convention ordered the militia of Queens with the troop of horse, to be called out, and vengence to be used to prevent the stock from falling in the hands of the enemy. General Woodhull, with Queens county Militia hastened to forward the situation of these orders. While the Party were scurried to Newtown and vinicity for cattle the British troops lost communications with the camp, and several of the citizens of Newtown were taken prisoners. Richard Bragaw, George Brinkerhoff, Abraham Brinkerhoff and Ludlam Haire being of the number. Newtown was now open to the enemy, and many of the Whig parties alarmed at their defenseless condition, fled in utmost confusion. Early the nest morning the light dragons entered the town. The tories, in excess of their triumph, informed against their Whig labors. The leading Whigs were imprisoned or sent in exile, and their property was seized by the enemy. under these circumstances the remainder were conjured to join in a petition that Queens county might be restored to royal favor, which met with a very grave reception. Now that the British had possession it deemed necessary to guard against the incursions of the Americans. In Newtown the following new officers were opened in the northern beat; Jeromus Rapelye,captain; Daniel Rapalye, lieutenant; Jeromus Rapelje,ensign. southbeat was commanded by Captain Dow Van Duzen. The officers to the light horse were: Cornelius Rapelye, Captain; Daniel Rapelye,lieutenant; Daniel {?} Cornet. Newtown in the winter of 1778 presented an usually daunted appearance. General Washington was expected to make a attack upon New York, and for the better preservation and safety of the shipping Sir Henry Clinton ordered all vessels not in the service of the government to be removed to Newtown Creek. A large number of British troops were also barracked here. There were the Seventeenth regiment of light dragons, the Maryland loyalist, the royal highlanders, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Sterling. who has seen long and arduous service in America during the French and Indian car; the royal artillery, with their cannon and horses; and the thirty-third regiment, Lord Cornwallis. During this period the farmers were subjected to many severe burdens. They were required to furnish from year to year, for the use of the army, the greater portion of their hay,straw, rye, corn, oats, and provisions, under pain of being imprisoned and having their crops confiscated. The commissary weighed or measured the produce, and then rendered payment according to the prices fixed by the King’s commissioners. If the seller demanded more it was at the risk of losing the whole. The private soldiers were billeted in the houses of the Whig families. The family was generally allowed one fireplace. Robberies were frequent, and Newtown became a prey to depredation,alarm and cruelty. The civil courts were suspended, and martial law prevails through seven long years. It was a happy day for Newtown when news arrived that Great Britain had virtually acknowledged our independence, and when her patriotic son’s were permitted to return from a tedious exile. Thanks to: RETURN to QUEENS MAIN RETURN to BROOKLYN MAIN