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_______________________ PART 1 COLONIAL TIMES (1756-1783) 1756 (1) BARCLAY, ANDREW (Vice-President 1758-59) (President 1759-61) Andrew Barclay, Fourth President of Saint Andrew's Society, son of the Rev. Thomas Barclay, first Episcopal minister of Albany, and Anna Drauyer, was born at Albany, N.Y. in the month of October, 1719, died in New York June 19th, 1775, and was buried in the family vault in Trinity. Mr. Barclay's education was received in Albany. His brother, the Rev. William Henry Barclay, D.D., was Rector of Trinity Church, New York, and this no doubt influenced the removal of Andrew Barclay to that city. There he engaged in business and had a warehouse at the upper end of Wall Street near City Hall. He married on the 14th June, 1737, Helena Roosevelt, daughter of Jacobus Roosevelt and Catharine Hardenbroek, and had issue: (1) Thomas; (2) James, born 1750; (3) Andrew; (4) Henry; (5) John; (6) Ann Dorothea, born 29th September, 1741, on the Isle of Curacoa, who married Theophylact Bache; (7) Catherine, born 1744, who married Augustus Van Cortlandt; (8) Sarah, born 1745, who married Anthony Lispenard (9) Ann Margaret, who married Frederick Jay; (10) Helena, who married Major Thomas Moncrieff, of the British Army; (11) Charlotte Amelia, born 13th April, 1759, who married Dr. Richard Bayley. (2) BARCLAY, D.D., REV. HENRY Dr. Barclay, born at Albany, N.Y., in 1714, was a son of the Rev. Thomas Barclay and Anna Drauyer his wife and brother of Andrew, the subject of the preceding sketch. After receiving his early education in Albany, Mr. Barclay went to Yale and graduated therefrom in 1734. He was ordained January 30th, 1738. In October, 1746, he was inducted Rector of Trinity Church, New York. He received the degree of D.D. from Oxford in 1760. He died August 29th, 1764, in the 53rd year of his age. The widow and children remained in New York and being loyal during the revolution their property was seized.In 1783 three of her children went to Nova Scotia, while she and the youngest child remained to make an effort to save something from the wreck of their fortune. (3) BUCHANAN, COLONEL SIR FRANCIS JAMES Sir Francis was descended from the Rev. Charles Buchanan, a Scottish clergyman who settled in England. The Rev. Charles had a son Charles who lived in London, and died at Camberwell. This Charles was twice married and had by his first wife, a native of Scotland, two sons, Francis James, the subject of this sketch, and Thomas who settled in Maryland about 1760. In 1777 he became Lieutenant-Colonel in the army. Shortly after he again came out to America and took part in the Revolution. While here, probably during the earlier period, he married a Miss Farquhar who, in all likelihood, was a daughter of our member, Dr. William Farquhar. By her he had a son who died in his father's lifetime, and a daughter Eliza who married Major Thomas Reed of Dublin, father of General Sir Thomas Reed, K.C.B., of Ampfield House, Hants. He became Colonel in the army in 1782 and died at Bath February 15,1787. (4) CAMPBELL, COLONEL DONALD (Manager 1764-1765) Donald Campbell, son of Lachlan and Martha Campbellin Kintra, Islay, Argyleshire, and of "Campbell Hall," Ulser County, New York, was born at Lorine, Islay, July 23, 1730. His grandparents were Donald and Ann (Graham) Campbell. Lachlan died at "Campbell Hall," October 22, 1750. (5) CAMPBELL, MALCOLM (Treasurer, 1756-61) Malcolm Campbell became a resident of New York prior to 1744, and may have been the schoolmaster who became a Freeman of the City on April 29, 1746. In 1762 he owned the ships Lyon Richard, 14 guns and the James, 16 guns, showing that he was engaged in the lucrative business of privateering. He married Elizabeth Marschalk, widow of Nathaniel Hinson, July 5, 1744, and by her had several children, the names of John, Catharine and Lydia appearing in the records of the Presbyterian Church. In 1784 a deed by Elizabeth, relict of Malcolm, shows that Malcolm had passed away prior to that date, but no record of his death has been noted. (6) CARRE, LIEUTENANT STAIR CAMPBELL Lieut. Carre was born in the year 1730, and was the third son of John Carre of Cavers-Carre, advocate, and Elizabeth, his second wife, daughter and heiress of Alexander Monteith of Todshaugh, Linlithgow, Cadet of the family of Auldcathy. Stair was probably born in Edinburgh, as his father did not succeed to the estate until he, Stair, was ten years of age, or about the year 1740. When the French war broke out he received an appointment in 1756 as Ensign in the 62nd, Royal American, regiment, was raised to the rank of Lieutenant in the same regiment, now the 60th, in 1757, and again, after being on half-pay for a short period, received in 1764 the same rank of Lieutenant and in the same regiment. In August of 1767 he was drowned while on his passage home to Scotland. Lieut. Carre never married. The old family of Carre of Cavers-Carre, in Roxburghshire, is now extinct in the male line and is represented at present (through the female line) by Captain Ralph G. Riddell-Carre of Cavers-Carre. (7) COLDEN, ALEXANDER (Manager 1756-59, Vice-President 1759-64) (President 1764-66) Alexander Colden, son of Dr. Cadwallader Colden, Lieutenant Governor of the Province of New York, and Alice Christy of Coldenham, Ulster County. New York, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., August 13, 1716, died in Brooklyn, New York, December 12, 1774, and was buried in Trinity Church-yard. As early as the year 1727 Governor Clden was in residence at Coldenham and Alexander at an early age kept a general country store there, and was appointed Ranger of Ulster County in 1737. He was appointed Joint Surveyor-General of the Province with his father in 1751 and succeeded him in that office in 1761. In that year he removed to New York. for some years he was Post Master of New York and a vestryman of Trinity Church. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Nicolls of New York City. She died at Spring Hill, near Flushing, Long Island, March 4, aged 49 years. (8) COLDEN, M.D., LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR CADWALLADER Lieutenant-Governor Colden was born on February 17th, 1688, in (Ireland, where his mother then happened to be temporarily on a visit, and died in Long Island 28th September, 1776. His father, Rev. Alexander Colden, Minister of Dunse, Berwickshire, prepared him for the University of Edinburgh, whence he graduated in 1705. He then spent three years studying medicine and mathematics, and in 1708 came to America and practiced successfully as a physician in Philadelphia till 1715. He returned to Philadelphia in 1716 but at the request of his friend Governor Hunter settled in New York in 1718 and in 1719 became the first surveyor-general of the Colony and master in chancery Governor Burnet gave him a set in the provincial council in 1720. He administered the affairs of the Province as president of the Council in 1760 and in 1761 Lord Halifax,in return for his "zeal for the rights of the crown," appointed him Lieutenant-Governor. He held this office till his death. (9) DOUGHTY, THOMAS (Manager 1759-1760) In 1750 Doughty had a store in King Street. On December 28, 1755, the firm of Aspinwall and Doughty, in the woolen business, terminated and Doughty, the junior member, continued in business in Queen Street, dealing in a miscellaneous line of goods. (10) DRUMMOND, M.D., JAMES Dr. Drummond was surgeon of the 4th Battalion of the 60th or Royal American regiment. When not called upon to serve in the field he made his home in Beaver Street this city ministering to the sick and suffering. In 1770 his name appeared in the list of resident members of the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia. When the St. Andrew's Society of St. John was organized in 1798 Dr. Drummond was not a member. His name does not appear in the probate records of that City. (11) DUNCAN, JOHN John Duncan was a native of Scotland and was probably born at Berwick-on-Tweed in 1722, his son Richard (member 1774) testifying that Berwick was his birthplace. Mr. Duncan came to America in 1755 with his wife Martha March and his son Richard and settled in Schenectady. He brought with him considerable capital and opened an extensive mercantile establishment. He formed a partnership with James Phyn of London (also a member) and they became extensive wholesale and retail merchants. Duncan was the first Recorder of Schenectady, and in 1763 Justice of the Peace; in 1773 Sixth Judge of Albany County, and in 1774 he attended the Congress of the Six Nations, which met after the death of Col. Johnson. During the Revolution he remained loyal to the Crown. He died at the Hermitage May 5, 1791, aged 69 years, much esteemed for generous hospitality and unostentatious benevolence. In the List of Members of Saint Andrew's Society which appears in the first City Directory of 1786 he is styled Capt. John Duncan. Prior to the Revolution he had been Captain of the Grenadier Company of the 2nd Battalion of the Albany Militia. (12) DUTHIE, JAMES On September 11, 1758, James Duthie and Jane Bancker were granted a marriage license. (13) FARQUHAR, M.D., WILLIAM (Manager 1756-1757; Vice-President 1757-1758) Dr. Farquhar was a son of James Farquhar of Gilmilnscroft, Ayrshire, and Jean, daughter of William Porterfield of Duchal and of that Ilk. He probably came to America as an army surgeon. He practiced his profession first in New Jersey and later in New York City. In the year 1759 he married his second wife, Jane, daughter of Cadwallader Colden, President of his Majesty's Council. She died the following year on March 10th. Dr. Farquhar resided at that time in Smith Street, foot of Pot Bakers Hill. His property was probably confiscated during the Revolution for we find in the Loyalists' Papers, Vol. V, p.86, in the New York Public Library, that his son Captain William Farquhar of the 20th Regiment, appeared before the Commissioners of Claims in the year 1783 and made a plea for compensation and stated that his father was then nearly eighty years of age. Dr. Farquhar died May 2, 1787. (14) FORBES, CAPTAIN-LIEUTENANT CHARLES He was the youngest son of John of Inverarnan and Glenconry, Commissioner of Supply for Aberdeenshire, who had been "out in the '15," taken prisoner and died of his wounds in Carlisle prison. This officer received an appointment in 1756 as Lieutenant in the 60th Regiment and was promoted to be Captain-Lieutenant in 1757. He was killed at Ticonderoga July 8, 1758. He had married Isabel, daughter of Donaldson of Kinardie, and had an only son and heir James of Kingerloch in Argyleshire and of Hutton Hall, Esses. This family of Forbes of Kingerloch is descended from the youngest son of Sir John Forbes, Vth Laird of Drumminer, brother of the 1st Lord Forbes. (15) GRAHAM, AENEAS Aeneas Graham was a native of Scotland. In 1753 he advertised as "Aeneas," but afterwards assumed the name of Ennis. In 1748 his residence and place of business was in Smith Street where he sold European goods; in 1755 he advertised as "Taylor, in Broad Street, near the Exchange opposite the Post Boy office"; in 1761 he was haberdasher as well as tailor; in 1762 he moved to corner of Wall Street "facing the Meal Market, near Coffee House" where he remained for many years; and in 1773 he was still in Wall Street "facing Mr. Rivington's New Printing Office." He retired to Middlesex county, N.J. Graham was twice married and had several children by each of his wives. He died in Middlesex, New Jersey, in 1777, and one of his Executors was Walter Buchanan. One of his grandsons, Dr. Charles M. Graham of 11th Street, who died in 1852, was a well known physician in his day. (16) GRAHAM, EDWARD The name of Edward Graham appeared on the Roll of Freemen of the City in 1742.He was one of the Lachlan Campbell immigrants who came over about 1737 and was probably Lachlan's uncle or cousin, most likely the latter. Lachlan's mother was Ann Graham. In 1750 Graham kept a store in Smith Street where he dealt in European goods. In 1751 he was appointed constable for the Dock Ward and in 1753 was elected assessor for the South Ward. In 1757 Graham became bankrupt, was confined in the Debtors' prison, made an assignment of all his property to James Sackett and died shortly after in the same year. He was one of the executors of Lachlan Campbell of "Campbell Hall," father of Donald, our member. (17) HAY, CAPTAIN WILLIAM Captain Hay was an officer in the Royal Navy, but nothing has been learned regarding his career other than that he was on the West Indian station in 1765 as captain of the sloop of war Wolfe and that his name was on the Navy list in 1783 but not in 1801. (18) HUNTER, WALTER The only references to this member which have come under our notice are in the wills in the Surrogate's office. His name appears as witness to several wills and it is therefore likely that he was a lawyer or a lawyer's clerk. (19) INNES, COLONEL JOHN Colonel Innes was an officer in the Royal Artillery, who received his appointments as Captain in 1757 and Major in the army in 1772. He served all through the French and Indian War. He became Lieutenant Colonel in 1777. His health failing in 1779, Colonel Innes was granted a leave of absence by Pattison, was offered and accepted a Majority in the Garrison Artillery at home and took passage on the Houghton Ordnance Transport for England. In 1782 he was raised to the rank of Colonel of the 5th Battalion of Artillery. He died in Woolwich Warren, May 30, 1783. (20) JOHNSTON, DAVID (Manager 1756-59; Vice-President 1772-74) (President 1774-85) David Johnston was President of the Society just prior to and also subsequent to the Revolution. He was a grandson of Dr. John Johnstone of Edinburgh, who was born there in 1661, became a druggist "at the sign of the Unicorn" there, emigrated to New York in 1685, subsequently became Mayor of New York and ultimately removed to Perth Amboy, where he practiced medicine until his death in September, 1732. David's father, John (b. 1691; d.1731), married Elizabeth Jamieson, and David was their third child, being born at Perth Amboy on January 2, 1724. On May 27, 1753, he married Magdalen Walton, daughter of Jacob Walton and Mary Beekman, and had a family of four sons and seven daughters. His name first appears on a poll list for the election to the Provincial Assembly in February, 1761, and he was registered a Freeman of the City of New York on August 21, 1770, as "David Johnston, Gentleman." He had a fine city mansion on the east side of Bowling Green, which was burned in 1776 or 1777. After the war he withdrew to a large estate at Nine Partners, Dutchess County, N.Y., which he made his permanent residence. He died there, January 12, 1809. (21) KENNEDY, ARCHIBALD (Honorable) He was the son of Alexander Kennedy of Craigoch and Kilhenzie, J.P., of Ayrshire, and his second wife, Anna, daughter of William Crawford of Auchenames. Alexander was a lineal descendant of Thomas, second son of Gilbert, third Earl of Cassilis. Archibald must have been born about 1687. He came out to New York in 1714. He became Collector of the Port and eventually Receiver-General of the Province of New York, and in 1725 he was recommended by Burnet to a seat in His Majesty's Council, which honour he received in 1727. He married as his second wife, in 1736, Maria, widow of Arent Schuyler and had several sons and daughters. He died in New York on June 14, 1763. (22) LIVINGSTON, JOHN He was the son of Philip, second Lord of the Manor, was born in the year 1714. In 1761 he formed a partnership as John & Alexander Livingston and carried on a dry goods business in their store on Rotten Row, near the Old Slip, removing in the same year to the south side of Queen Street. During the Revolution he probably retired to the Manor, as no reference to his being in New York during that time has been found. He died suddenly at his home in Broad Street on July 21, 1786. (23) LIVINGSTON, PHILIP (First President of the Society 1756-57. Signer of the Declaration of Independence.) He was the fourth son of the second Lord of the Manor of Livingston, New York, and was born at Albany, January 15, 1716, and graduated from Yale College in 1737. In the French War he was extensively engaged in privateering and made a large fortune in the general importing business, having his store on the new dock, Burnet's Quay, near the ferry stairs at the foot of Wall Street. He lived on Brooklyn Heights, or Brookland, as then styled. Near his home were his distilleries. In 1754 he was made Alderman of the East Ward of New York City (then containing only 10,881 inhabitants) for nine years. In 1774 he was a delegate to the first Continental Congress, serving on the Committee which prepared an address to the people of Great Britain. In 1775 he was returned to Congress and also appointed president of the Congress of New York and on July 4, 1776, voted for and signed the Declaration of Independence. By his wife Christina, daughter of Col. Dirck Ten Broeck, he had five sons and three daughters. on June 12, 1778, he expired at New York and his interment took place the next evening. (24) LIVINGSTON, GOVERNOR WILLIAM He was the son of Philip, second Lord of the Manor, was born at Albany, N.Y. November 30, 1723, and died at Elizabethtown, N.J., July 25, 1790. He graduated from Yale in 1741, and began the study of law in the office of James Alexander, completing his course under William Smith. He was admitted to the bar October 1748, and soon became one of the leaders of his profession and served three years in the legislature. While in New York he lived at 52 Wall street and there practiced law. (25) LOUTTIT, JAMES His name appeared in the pamphlet of 1770 in the Honorary or Non-resident list of members. In 1727 one Capt. Ichabod Louttit is mentioned in the Book of Indentures of Apprentices of New York. Shortly before February, 1770, he died and his widow Mary in settling up the estate gives us an insight into the surroundings of the early pioneer merchant of Colonial times. (26) McALPINE, CAPTAIN COLIN He was a resident of Charleston, South Carolina. In 1759 he was master of the brig Polly and traded between New York, South Carolina and Ireland. In 1771 he had a new vessel the Ship St. George. Captain McAlpine died by his own hand at Charleston, January 1772, the Coroner's jury bringing in a verdict of lunacy. (27) McKESSON, JOHN He was the son of Alexander who had emigrated from Ireland in 1731 and settled for a time at Fag's Manor, Chester County, Pennsylvania, where John was born Febraury 20, 1734. The family originally came from Argyleshire. John graduated from Princeton in 1756, receiving from Kings College in 1758 the honorary degree of A.M. Thereafter he practiced law in this city. He seems to have been associated with John Morin Scott, as both are frequently witnesses to the same wills. On June 17, 1768, he is entered on the Roll of Freemen as "Gentleman and Attorney-at-Law." John McKesson was one of the most active Americans in the State of New York during the Revolutionary war. On July 31st, 1776, he was appointed by the Provincial Convention Register in Chancery, which position he held for a number of years. He was the first Clerk of the Assembly of New York which convened September 1, 1777, and held the position continuously until 1794. He died of yellow fever September 18, 1798, unmarried. (28) McLEAN, GENERAL ALLAN General Allan McLean, third son of Donald of Tarbert, Vth McLean of Torloisk, Island of Mull, was born there in 1725, his mother being Mary, daughter of Campbell of Sunderland. Allan began his military career in the service of Holland with the Scots Brigade. In 1756 Allan became Lieutenant in the 62nd Regiment and in 1758 was severely wounded at Ticonderoga. He became Captain of an Independent Company in 1759, and was present at the surrender of Niagara, where he was again dangerously wounded. Soon after the peace of 1783, General McLean retired from the service. He married Janet, daughter of Donald McLean, of the house of Brolas, and sister of General Sir Fitzroy McLean of McLean. He died in London, March 1797, without issue. (29) McQUEEN, JOHN Very meagre references to this member have been found. In 1750 he was a "Staymaker" near the Meal Market. On may 4th, 1757, he was admitted a Freeman of the City. He died in 1784 and his will was proved of that year; (30) MIDDLETON, M.D., PETER (Manager 1757-62; 1763-64; 1773-75) (Vice-President 1764-66) (President 1767-70) He was a native of Edinburgh and it is believed graduated in medicine in that city. The Columbia Catalogue, however, gives St. Andrew's as his Alma Mater. He settled in New York about 1730 and soon was regarded as one of the few medical men of this country who at that early period were distinguished for profound learning and great professional talent. In 1762 he removed from New York to Philadelphia where he did not remain long. In that year he became a non-resident member of the Philadelphia Saint Andrew's Society and his domicile is given as Jamaica in the West Indies. On November 25, 1766, a marriage license was issued to him and Susannah Burgess in New York. In 1767 he established a medical school in New York and became its first professor of Physiology and Pathology and afterwards became instructor in Materia Medica. This school was subsequently merged into King's College, of which institution he was one of the Governors from 1770 to 1781. In 1774 he was chosen phnysician to the New York Hospital. He died in New York January 9th, 1781. He must have been about seventy-five years of age at his death. (31) MILLER, CAPTAIN THOMAS He was born in New Jersey. He was one of the most noted captains in the London trade and in 1753 was in command of the brig Maria. He married October 13, 1756, Martha (Patty), daughter of Thomas Willet. In 1769 he was elected a member of the Chamber of Commerce and in 1773 a member of the Marine Society. In 1775 he was obliged to retire from New York because he had refused to sign the Association against Great Britain. (32) MILLIGAN, M.D., JOHN Dr. Milligan on February 19th, 1748, became a Freeman of the City, styled "Doctor of Physick," and was a druggist at Beaver Street. His business was somewhat general in its character, his drug store being little different from the modern one. Evil days must have come to him for we find that he and wife Ann gave a mortgage on their house in Beaver Street, and it was advertised for sale at foreclosure in August 1788. (33) MORISON, DONALD (Secretary 1757-58; Manager 1760-61) In 1750 Donald Morison was doing business "near the Fly-Market," dealing in naval stores and ship-chandlery of all kinds; in 1758 his store was on the "Wharf between the Ferry Stairs and Burlings Slip"; in 1761 he advertised that he was going to the country and had taken in David Milligan as a partner under the firm name of Morison & Milligan; in 1762 he had retired altogether., Milligan carrying on the business under his own name. Morison belonged to the Masonic fraternity, and in 1760 was Secretary of Temple Lodge. (34) MORRIS, RICHARD (Secretary 1756-57; 1758-61) He was born in New York, August 15, 1730, and was the third son of Lewis and Katrintie (Staats) Morris and grandson of Lewis Morris, Chief Justice of New Jersey and New York. He graduated from Yale in 1748 and took up the study of law. He was admitted to the Bar and soon became known for his legal learning. At the formation of the Society in 1756 he became its first Secretary. In June 1759 he married Sarah Ludlow. In 1778 he was elected to the State Senate, and in 1779 became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New York, an office he held for one year. In 1790 he retired to his estate at Scarsdale, Westchester County, New York, where he passed the remainder of his days. He died in 1810. (35) MURRAY, M.D., JAMES (Manager 1756-61) In July 16th, 1756 he and Lillias or Lilly Campbell, daughter of Lachlan Campbell of Islay and " Campbell Hall," Ulster County, New York, were granted a marriage license. They had eight children, all of whom died young. He died September 23, 1767, and was succeeded by William Steuart. His widow married Walter Buchanan on July 20th, 1769. In 1770 the house and lot on the corner of the Fly Market, and the house and lot adjoining, of which the doctor was the owner, were offered for sale by the sheriff, while in 1791 Mrs. Buchanan, who was administratrix of the estate, applied to the courts for permission to sell the real estate on the grounds that the personal property was insufficient to pay the doctor's debts. (36) PRINGLE, LIEUTENANT FRANCIS Lieutenant Pringle was gazetted, December 3, 1755, Lieutenant in the 62nd, Royal American Regiment, but his connection with the regiment ceased in 1757. (37) ROSS, JOHN (Manager 1762-63) John Ross, son of Murdoch Ross and Catherine Simson, was born in Tain, Rossshire, January 29, 1729. Easrly in life he removed to Perth and entered mercantile pursuits there. When he came to New York has not been ascertained. The pamphlet of 1770, the earliest printed list of members extant, shows that he withdrew from the Society and had his name transferred to the Honorary or Non-resident class of membership, date not given but probably in 1763. In 1764 he joined the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia; became its Secretary in 1766 and its Vice-President in 1774. On December 3, 1768, he married Clementina, daughter of Captain George Cruickshank of Clifton Hall, Philadelphia, a native of Aberdeen. Mr. Ross died suddenly in Philadelphia on April 8, 1800, and it was then found that his business affairs were greatly embarrassed and his family actually impoverished. So far as known he left one son, Charles, and two daughters; Ann Helena Amelia, who married George Plumsted, the other marrying John F.Mifflin. (38) RUTHERFURD, MAJOR THE HON. JOHN He was the second son of Sir John Rutherfurd of Edgerston, Roxburghshire, and Elizabeth Cairncross, and was baptized June 12th, 1712. On the death of his elder brother he became heir to the estate. In early life he became an advocate, and in 1730 obtained a commission as Major in the Regiment of Fencibles commanded by the Duke of Buccleuch. In 1737 he married Eleanor, eldest daughter of Sir Gilbert Elliott of Minto. On December 31, 1741, he obtained a commission as Captain in the Independent Regiment of Foot in the Province of New York. He was one of the Commissioners of Indian Affairs from 1742 to 1752. On January 6, 1756, he was appointed Major of the 3rd Battalion of the 60th or Royal American Regiment and came out in the ship General Waldon, landing in New York June 4th, 1756. He was killed in the attack on Ticonderoga July 8th, 1758, and his brother Walter, in a letter to Lord Loudoun, says that the Major "commanded the battalion and was several yards advanced, standing on a log, encouraging them to march on and support the grenadiers, when he was shot through the heart and never uttered a groan." (39) RUTHERFURD, MAJOR WALTER (Manager 1761-66; 1st Vice-President 1785-87.) President 1766-67; 1792-98 He was the sixth son of Sir John Rutherfurd and Elizabeth Cairncross of Edgerston, Roxburghshire. He was born at Edgerston, December 29, 1723, and died at New York, January 10, 1804. He entered the British army at the early age of fifteen and served on ships of war off the coasts of America, Portugal and Spain until the spring of 1746. From that time until 1754 he served as Lieutenant of the Royal Scots and as paymaster in Flancers, France and Germany. He sailed for America in 1756 and after a few months in New York went to the front. During the war he held the position of paymaster of the 4th Battalion of the 60th, Royal Americans, and Judge Advocate of the army with the rank of Captain and subsequently became Major. He was detailed for duty in New York in the autumn of 1758 and while there married Catherine Alexander, sister of William Alexander, known as Lord Stirling. After the peace he settled down in New York, engaged in the importing business and built a house on the corner of Vesey street and Broadway, where the Astor House long stood. In 1771 he was one of the incorporators of the New York Hospital and acted as Governor from 1774 to 1778. (40) SCOTT, BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOHN MORIN President 1758-1759 He was fourth in descent from Sir John Scott, Baronet, of Ancrum, Roxburghshire. He was the only child of John Scott and Marian Morin and was born in New York City in 1739, and died there September 14, 1784. He graduated from Yale in 1746, and then studied and practiced law in New York. He was an Alderman of the Out Ward of the city from 1757 to 1762, and frequently became a candidate for the Assembly, but his extreme views militated against him. He was one of the earliest opponents of British rule, with voice and pen, became one of the founders of the Sons of Liberty, and his bold advocacy of extreme measures cost him an election to the Continental Congress in 1774. On June 9th, 1776, he was appointed Brigadier-General of the New York State troops, was with his brigade at the battle of Long Island, was wounded at White Plains in 1776 and retired from military service March, 1777. On August 1st, 1777, he became a member of the Council of Appointment to prepare a new form of Government for New York. (41) THOMSON, M.D., ADAM Vice-President 1756-57; President: 1757-58 Dr. Thomson is said to have taken his degree as physician at Edinburgh and shortly afterward to have come to America and settled at Upper Marlborough, Prince George's County, Maryland. He was the originator of the so-called "American method" of inoculation for smallpox, which became the accepted method of procedure throughout America and which was favourably received in England. He was one of the founders of the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia in 1749 and in 1751 became its Vice-President. He probably was one of the moving spirits in the formation of the Society as our first Constitution was modeled after that of the Philadelphia Society. He died in the City of New York September 18, 1767. (42) TRAILE, GEORGE By 1761 he had become an extensive manufacturer. In 1779 he erected a mill for "pulverizing everything and anything," but he did not live to befit by it as his death took place later in the year. (43) TROUP, R.N., CAPTAIN JOHN On retiring from the Royal navy Captain Troup first settled at Morristown, N.J., and afterwards entered into business in New York. In 1750 he was at Hanover Square in the hardware business. During the French War he was the agent of Robert Troup, his brother, who was a famous privateersman. He died at Jamaica, Long Island, February 21, 1775, aged 70 years. (44) WADDELL, CAPTAIN JOHN Captain Waddell came from Dover, England, but was undoubtedly of Scottish origin. He was born October 21, 1714. On November 30th, 1736, he married Ann Lirton. On October 14th, 1746, he became a Freeman of the City of New York under the designation of "Mariner".He was one of the first subscribers to the New York Society Library, as was his wife. He was one of the original 33 members of the Masonic Society of the City of New York. He died May 29th, 1762. There are portraits of Captain Waddell and his wife in the New York Historical Society. (45) WALKER, CAPTAIN JOHN Captain Walker was an officer in Gorham's Rangers who had served through the French and Indian War. On the breaking out of the Revolution he again volunteered for active service and in 1775 was gazetted, from Headquarters, Boston, as follows: "Capt. Lieut. John Walker from Half-pay in Gorham's Rangers to be 1st Liieut. Royal Fencible American Regiment,Gorham's." (46) WALKER, CAPTAIN JOHN Captain Walker was a native of Galloway coming to this country with his parents when a child. In 1774 he became a member of the Marine Society. In 1793 his place of business was at 53 Great Dock street, while his home seems to have been at 6 Green sStreet, now known as Liberty Street. He died July 30, 1798, aged 81 years. His property was left to his sister, the wife of Patrick Robb in Galloway, and two of his executors were Robert and James Lenox. (47) WATTS, THE HON. JOHN Vice-President 1770-71; President 1771-72 John Watts was the son of Robert Watts, of Rose Hill, near Edinburgh, and Mary, eldest daughter of William Nicoll, of Islip, Long Island. He was born in New York on the 5th of April, 1715, and died in Wales August 15, 1789, being buried in St. James's Church, Piccadilly, London. In July, 1742, hge married Ann, youngest daughter of Stephen de Lancey. In 1747 he acquired the Rose Hill farm, containing over 130 acres which lay on the East River between 21st and 30th streets and between 4th avenue and the water. His town house was No. 3 Broadway. He represented New York in the Assembly for many years and was appointed to the Governor's Council, December 19, 1757, during the administration of his brother-in-law Lieut.-Governor De Lancey. Identified with the social life of the city he became one of the original founders and trustees of the Society Library in 1754, and presented its first clock to the New York Exchange in 1760. He assisted in organizing the New York City Hospital and was elected its first President in 1760. (48) WOOD, M.D., THOMAS In 1750 Dr. Wood was an apothecary in New Brunswick, and advertised that his shop and drugs were for sale. As New Brunswick was a military station, he was probably an ex-army surgeon. In 1756 he had no doubt moved into New York, but no further trace of him has been found. His name appeared in the Honorary List of Members in 1770. 1757 (49) ALEXANDER, CAPTAIN JOHN Manager 1763-66 In 1756 he was in command of the privateer brigantine Hawke, of twelve guns, a warrant for commission and Letters of Marque being issued to him September 13, 1756. The firm of John Alexander & Co., composed of John Alexander, David Shaw and Captain John Grigg, carried on business at the corner of Smith and King Streets. On May 16, 1799, he made his will on board the ship Jean of Greenock, "now at New York." On June 30, 1800, the will was offered for probate showing that he had passed away in the interval. (50) BROWN, CAPTAIN WILLIAM Captain Brown was a native of Scotland and in 1756 came to America with the Earl of Loudoun as a volunteer.He received an appointment as Lieutenant in the 60th, Royal Americans, and served throughout the entire campaign until the peace in 1763 when he was placed on half-pay. In 1767 he purchased a "Plantation" in the township of Mamaroneck, Westchester County, New York, paying for it L614 in New York currency. In 1781 he obtained a commission as Captain in the Royal Garrison Battalion of Foot and shortly after was again placed on half-pay. (51) CAMPBELL, CAPTAIN ARCHIBALD Captain Campbell was the son of John Campbell of Glenlyon and Catharine Smith and was born in the year 1729. He was appointed Lieutenant in the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, in 1757, Captain-Lieutenant in 1759 and Captain in 1760. At the peace in 1763 he retired on half-pay. He served with his regiment throughout the French and Indian war and was twice wounded. Captain Campbell died from the reopening of his wounds at Amady, Argyleshire, December 16, 1779, at the age of 51, and unmarried. (52) CAMPBELL, M.P. SIR JAMES Sir James Campbell, eldest son of James Campbell of Inverneill, Argyleshire, was born at Inverary January 16, 1737. His mother was Elizabeth, daughter of James Fisher of Durren, Provost of Inverary. His first appointment in the army was as Ensign in the 30th regiment of Foot in 1755. In 1756 he was transferred as Ensign to the 62nd, Royal American, regiment, becoming Lieutenant in the same regiment March 31, 1756. He served throughout the French and Indian war, and was at the battle of Ticonderoga. In 1778 he was appointed Captain in the Western regiment of Fencibles becoming Major in same corps in 1779, retaining this rank until the corps was disbanded in 1783. He was Hereditary Usher of the White Rod for Scotland, and was knighted in 1788. He died at Inverneill, April 16, 1805, aged 68 years. (53) CAMPBELL, COLONEL JOHN John Campbell of Dunoon and of Blenham House in Bedfordshire came out to this country as Major of the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders. The Campbells of Dunoon derive descent through the Ardentining Campbells from the House of Ardkinglas. He received his education in Glasgow University. Campbell first saw service as 2nd Lieutenant in Col. C.J. Cochrane's Marine Regiment (now Royal Marines) being appointed thereto in 1741, and was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in 1744. He received the appointment in 1747, as Captain in an Independent Company of Foot sent on the Expedition to India under Admiral Boscawen 1748-9. In 1760 he received the appointment of Lieut.-Colonel Commanding Col. J. Campbell's (Dunoon's) Regiment of Highland Volunteers known as the 88th or Campbell Highlanders raised to take part in the Seven Years War in Germany. Campbell was promoted to be Colonel in the army in 1772, and received the appointment in 1773 of Lieutenant-Governor of Chelsea Hospital for his long and meritorious service. Colonel Campbell died at his residence in Chelsea Hospital April 24, 1773. (54) CAMPBELL, CAPTAIN ROBERT Captain Campbell received the appointment of Ensign in the Third Battalion of the 62nd in 1756, was promoted to be Lieutenant in the 60th, the same regiment, in 1758, and Captain in 1762. He was stationed with his company in New York in 1764, and in the same year placed on half-pay. He was again called to the colours in 1765 as Captain of the 12th Regiment of Foot, now known as the Suffolk Regiment, and as the 12th Regiment did not come to America he must have returned to Great Britain. He retired from the regiment and presumably from the service in 1768. (55) CHRISTIE, LIEUTENANT JOHN John Christie of the 60th joined the regiment as an Ensign in 1758. In 1763 Ensign Christie was placed in command of the garrison at Fort Presqu'ile, on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, consisting of twenty-four men of his own regiment and six of another. In 1765 he was raised to the rank of Lieutenant, and to a Captaincy in 1775. He died in 1782. (56) COCHRAN, COLONEL GAVIN In 1756 Gavin Cochran became Captain in the 1st Battalion of the 60th, serving with his regiment throughout the entire campaign against the French. In 1764 he commanded the troops in South Carolina and Georgia, with Headquarters at Fort Prince George. For nearly four years he was in command at Crown Point, on the Canadian border, with a portion of his regiment, and in 1772 became Major in the army. He received the appointment of Major of the 69th Regiment in 1773, was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the 58th Regiment, then stationed at Gibraltar in 1777, became Colonel in the Army in 1782, and died at Edinburgh March 22, 1786, aged 76 years, and was buried "with great military solemnity" in the Chapel Royal of Holyroodhouse". (57) CRAUFURD, LIEUT.-COL. JOHN WALKINSHAW Colonel Craufurd, twenty-first laird of Craufurdland, Ayrshire, was born in the year 1721. He entered the army as Cornet in the North British Dragoons in 1741 and distinguished himself at Dettingen in 1743 and Fontenoy in 1745. He served in the French and Indian War as Captain in the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, and was present at the capture of Quebec in 1759. In 1772 he was promoted to a Lieutenant-Colonelcy in the army. He died in Edinburgh in February, 1793. (58) DALZELL, CAPTAIN JAMES James Dalzell was appointed in 1756 Lieutenant in the 62nd, Captain 80th regiment in 1757, and Captain 1st Royals, 2nd Battalion, in 1760. (59) ELLIOT, LIEUTENANT JOHN Lieutenant Elliot entered the army in 1756 as Ensign of the 27th Foot; was wounded at Ticonderoga; promoted to a Lieutenancy in the 42nd, Royal Highlanders, in 1759; exchanged into the 1st Royals in 1760, and in 1771 his name disappeared from the Army List, due to retirement or death. (60) FORBES, LIEUTENANT LACHLAN Few references to this officer have been noted. He was gazetted in 1756 Ensign in the 60th, and was raised to the rank of Lieutenant in the same regiment in 1758. He served throughout the entire campaign, was wounded on the Plains of Abraham, April 28, 1760, and was on the retired list in 1765. (61) FRASER, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIMON Simon Fraser, Master of Lovat, was born in 1726. He was educated at St. Andrews University.He was called to the Scottish bar in 1750 and was one of the Crown counsel at the trial of James Stewart for the murder of Campbell of Glenure in 1752. When Pitt raised the Highland regiments in order to carry on the war with France, Simon raised the Fraser regiment in 1757, and became Lieutenant-Colonel. He was elected M.P. for Inverness-shire in 1761, but soon saw active service in Portugal and became a Major-General. He died a Lieutenant-General on February 8, 1782. (62) FRASER, CAPTAIN SIMON Captain Fraser, third son of Charles Fraser, 7th of Inverallochy, was born May 26, 1732. He joined General Simon Fraser in 1757 when he raised Fraser's Highlanders as senior Captain, was mortally wounded on the Heights of Abraham, and died at Quebec on October 15, 1759, unmarried. (63) FRASER, ENSIGN SIMON Fraser received the appointment as Ensign of the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, and was wounded at Quebec in 1759.It is probable that he retired from the regiment after being wounded and remained in Canada. (64) FULLARTON, LIEUTENANT GEORGE Lieutenant Fullarton of Bartonholm, Ayrshire, was the son of Robert Fularton, a Writer to the Signet, who had acquired the lands of Bartonholm. Lieutenant G. Fullarton entered the army as Lieutenant in the 62nd, Royal American, regiment, in 1756, and served during the whole of the seven years' war. At the peace in 1763 he returned to Scotland and married Barbara, daughter of James Innes of Warrix, Ayrshire, February 7, 1763, leaving at his death two sons and one daughter. (65) GRAEME, CAPTAIN CHARLES Captain Graeme entered the army as Lieuenant in the second battalion of the Royal Americans, January 1, 1756, becoming Captain on the same day. His name disappears from the muster roll of the regiment in 1760. (66) GRIGG, CAPTAIN JOHN Captain Grigg became a member of the Marine Society in 1774. In September, 1775, he was a grenadier in Colonel Lasher's Company of Militia and was proposed for a Captaincy in the Out Ward Company. This brought forward opposition and and he was accused of toasting the King and damning Congress. On November 15, 1776, he received a commission as Captain in the Rangers, of the New York Militia. Notwithstanding his protestations he was proscribed and his property in Kinderhook and in New York was confiscated by the State. (67) LIVINGSTON, JAMES James Livingston, son of Robert Livingston and grandson of James Livingston, brother of the first Lord of the Manor, was born December 21, 1701. He married Elizabeth Kierstede, was a merchant doing business in Smith Street, became Alderman of the Dock Ward and died September 7, 1763. In 1745 he was one of the Key-Keepers of The Scots Society. (68) LOCH, M.D., JOHN Dr. Loch was appointed a surgeon of the 46th regiment April 20, 1759. On retiring from the army he seems to have gone to the Island of Jamaica and at a place called Cross Path, about three miles from Savanna-la-Mar, purchased a plantation. (69) McBEAN, CAPTAIN ALEXANDER Captain McBean was the son of Captain John McBean of Drummond, and Elspeth, daughter of William McBean of Kinchyle, and sister of Gillies Mor, the hero of Culloden. The Captain was originally an officer in the Black Watch, and therefore prevented from taking part with his clan in the Jacobite Rising. At the outbreak of the French and Indian War he was on the retired list. (70) McILWORTH, THOMAS (Manager, 1759-1760) Thomas McIlworth was a portrait painter. On October 3, 1760, he married Anastasia Willett of Westchester County and must have died before 1770, leaving two children, Thomas and Anna. (71) McINTOSH, CAPTAIN GEORGE Captain McIntosh was the second son of William, 2nd of Balnespic, and Mary Ross, his wife. He was baptised 14th September, 1713, according to the Parish Register of the Church of Alvie. He received the appointments of Ensign in the 62nd regiment in 1755, Lieutenant in the 60th (same regiment) in 1756, and was wounded in the attack on Ticonderoga in 1758. In 1775 he was commissioned Captain and retired from the army in 1778. He died unmarried March 8, 1780, aged 66 years and was buried at St. Drostan's Chapel, Dunachton, Inverness, where there is a tombstone to his memory. (72) McKAY, LIEUTENANT FRANCIS He was appointed Ensign in the 62nd regiment, December 31, 1775 and Lieutenant in the Fourth Battalion of the 60th regiment, December 7, 1756. In the Post Boy, of July 24, 1758, Lieutenant McKay is specially mentioned in connection with the Battle of Ticonderoga. He and Lieutenant Samuel Mackay distinguished themselves principally in the first retreat: "When they saw with Regret the Army retiring in much disorder they went both before the Front and made 200 Soldiers hold immediately and turned them towards the enemy, encouraging them with good words and their own example; which seasonable Example having been seen and followed by the other Regiments, the Army was thus soon brought out of that Confusion, in good order and the Whole went to assault the Enemy again." In 1778 he was again called to the colours as Lieutenant in the 75th regiment, and in 1780 he was appointed Captain in the 99th, or Jamaica regiment, which was disbanded in 1783, when again he must have gone on half-pay. (73) McKIE, ENSIGN JOHN John McKie, or McKay, joined the 60th as Ensign December 14, 1756, and served with the third battalion of that regiment until he died of wounds received on the Plains of Abraham in the action on April 28, 1760. (74) McLEAN, CAPTAIN ALEXANDER Captain McLean kept a general store in Albany, New York, "living between the English and Dutch Churches a little below the main guard, in the Main street." He traded between New York and Ireland in the snow Charming Nancy and became a member of the Marine Society in 1781. (75) MATHESON, LIEUTENANT KENNETH He was the fourth son of John, 1st of Attadale, in Lochalsh, factor for the Seaforth estates of Kintail, Lochalsh and Lochcarron. In 1745 he was appointed Lieutenant in the inverness Company, one of the Independent Companies raised to keep the peace in the Highlands. During the French War he was gazetted Ensign in the 47th regiment, known as Lascelle's, in 1758, and Lieutenant in 1759. He was killed at Montmorency, Canada, July 31, 1759, during the siege and capture of Quebec. (76) MILLIGAN, DAVID Secretary, 1761-1764 In 1778 he was engaged in business in London and entered claims against certain goods seized in Savannah and taken to London. In 1784 he appeared before the Commissioners of Claims, describing himself in his petition as a "British Merchant," and presented a claim for compensation for the loss of the ship Inverness, John McKenzie, master. This ship had been burned by the Americans in Savannah River in 1776, and it was probably part of her cargo for which he presented claims in 1778. (77) MUNRO, CAPTAIN JOHN He was the second son of John, 4th of Tullochue, known as "Ian Mor,", and Helen, eldest daughter of Alexander Simpson, tacksman of Ballnaloch, Ferintosh. Before coming to America Captain Munro married Jane, daughter of Alexander Fraser, farmer, Assynt. He came to America in 1756 and settled in Albany County. In 1760 he was engaged in business in Albany, his house "facing the English Church," and carried a miscellaneous line of goods. On April 5 of that year he married, as his second wife, Maria, daughter of Cornelis Brouwer of Schenectady. In June 1775, he was applied to by Colonel McLean (General Allan) to assist him in raising men and he was offered a Captaincy. In June 1776, he was appointed by Sir Guy Carleton to a company in Sir John Johnson's regiment, the King's Royal Regiment of New York, familiarly known as the "Royal Greens," in which he serviced eight years. In 1777 he was captured near Ticonderoga and condemned to death, a sentence which was not carried out, and for eighteen months he was kept a prisoner. (78) NAPIER, SIR JAMES He was in the medical service of the British army and rose to be Director and Inspector-General of His Majesty's Hospitals in North America and is so described in a grant "by the King in Council" in 1764 of 10,000 acres of land situated west of the Green Mountains, partly in Shaftsbury, Glassenbury, Sunderland and Arlington in Vermont. During the Revolution he remained in active service and received the honour of knighthood. His name appears on the half-pay list up to and including 1799 but not thereafter. (79) RAMSAY, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL WILLIAM He was gazetted Ensign of the 60th, Royal Americans, in 1756, and promoted to be Lieutenant in 1758. In May, 1759, he was in Camp at Schenectady and Ramsay's signature with that of McIntosh and others appears on a document in the New York Historical Society. He served throughout the French and Indian war. In 1764 he was transferred from half-pay to the 35th and remained with that regiment until transferred as Captain to the 14th in 1775. That regiment came to America the preceding year and remained here until 1777. In 1776 Ramsay was in command of a detachment of the 14th at Halifax and in 1777 was invalided to England. Captain Ramsay received his Majority in 1790 and was raised to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1794. In 1795 he was transferred to the 80th regiment and became Colonel in the army in 1798. In 1805 he was raised to the rank of Major-General and in 1811 he attained the rank of Lieutenant-General. (80) ROBERTSON, GOVERNOR JAMES He was born in Newbigging, Fifeshire, circa, 1720. He was in his youth a private and then a sergeant in the British army, and 1740 at Carthagena, New Granada, gained an ensigncy. He came to the Colony in 1756, being appointed Major of the 1st Battalion of the 60th or Royal Americans, December, 1755. In May, 1758, he was appointed by General Abercromby, Deputy Quarter-Master-General of the army in North America. He accompanied the expedition against Louisburg in 1758 and was promoted to be Lieut.-Colonel in the army July 8 of that year. In 1772 he became Colonel in the army. In July, 1775, he was stationed at Boston, was appointed Major-General in America in 1776, and Colonel commanding the 60th in January following. He accompanied the army under Howe to Staten Island, commanded the 6th Brigade in the engagement of the first of August, and afterwards in the Battle of Long Island, coming shortly thereafter to New York City. In 1778 he was appointed Colonel of the 16th Regiment, and in 1779 received a commission as Governor of New York, and was accordingly sworn in March 23, 1780. While Governor his official title was as follows: "His Excellency James Robertson, Esq., Captain-General and Governor in Chief of the Province of New York and Territories thereupon depending in America, Vice-Admiral of the same and Major-General of His Majesty's forces." He became Lieutenant-General in 1782, embarked for England in 1783, and died there March 4, 1788. (81) RUSSELL, M.D., WILLIAM In the list of Honorary members published in 1770 this gentleman was identified as above. He was also on the Honorary List of the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia under date of 1760. Dr. Russell was a surgeon in the British army and became Purveyor of Hospitals in Martinico. (82) ST. CLAIR, SIR JOHN In 1755 he was appointed Deputy Quarter-Master-General of the British forces in America, and assigned to duty with Braddock in the proposed expedition to expel the French from Western Pennsylvania. St. Clair was invalided home but returned to New York in September, 1755. On January 6, 1756, he was appointed Lieut.-Colonel of the 62nd, promoted Colonel of the regiment in 1762, and Lieut.-Colonel of the 28th regiment in 1766. He purchased a farm near Elizabethtown, where he died November 26, 1767. (83) STEUART, M.D., JOHN In the Honorary List published in 1770 this gentleman is identified as Dr. Steuart. He was a surgeon in the British army attached to the 46th Regiment and on December 30, 1776, was appointed Surgeon in charge of the Hospital, vice-Bruce (our member), promoted. In October, 1777, he was at Germantown near Philadelphia. (84) TURNBULL, LIEUTENANT-COLONEL GEORGE Col. Turnbull was a native of Perthshire, and nephew of Dr. William Cunningham, member 1784. He was also related to William Maxwell, whose daughter Marian had married a Turnbull, of Second River, New Jersey. He received his commission as Lieutenant in the 4th Battalion of the 60th, Royal American, Regiment in 1756, and was raised to the rank of Captain in 1765. He saw considerable service during the French and Indian war, and was wounded at Ticonderoga, and again at Martinico. For some time he was in command of the Post at Detroit in 1769 and at the trading post at Michilimackinac where he remained until 1772, when his regiment was assembled in New York to take passage for Jamaica. He took part in the attack on Stony Point February 6, 1778. (85) WARDROP, JAMES He was a Glasgow merchant engaged in the tobacco business and probably member of a firm of several partners, he being the one called upon to look after the American end of the business. This called him to New York on occasions and in 1757 while here he became a member of the Society. (86) WEIR, DANIEL The earliest mention noted of Daniel Weir appears in Knox's Journal under date of 1758. He was then with the army in Canada as a Commissary of Stores. In 1778 he was Commissary-General of Stores and Provisions in New York. He therefore served in both the French and Indian War and in the Revolution. While filling the above office under Robertson in New York he amassed a fortune. He died November 12, 1781, aged 47 years. (87) YOUNG, M.D., WILLIAM Dr. Young was a native of Scotland and came to this country as Surgeon of the 43rd regiment, receiving his appointment in 1751. He was transferred to hospital duty in 1762. In 1767 he received a certificate for 3,000 acres in Cumberland County known as the Townshend Tract. 1 7 5 8 (88) ABERCROMBY, M.P., GENERAL JAMES He was born at Glassaugh, Fordyce, Banffshire, in the year 1706. Having obtained a company he was commissioned as Major in 1742, although he had no previous military experience, and in 1744 was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st Regiment or Royal Scots. In 1755 he was appointed Colonel of the 50th Regiment, about to be raised for service in America. In 1756 he was promoted to the rank of Major-General, and in March following succeeded Col. Ellison in command of the 44th Regiment of Foot. He arrived in America in June of that year and in 1757 commanded the second brigade in the expedition of Lord Loudoun against Louisburg. He was raised to the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1759, and General in the army in 1772. (89) CHRISTIE, JAMES In the Lyon Register, Edinburgh, under date of July 26, 1787, James Christie is thus described. "James Christie of Durie, in the county of Fife, Esquire, only son and heir of Thomas Christie, Esquire, by Mary, daughter of John Watson of Thirtyacres, Esquire, third son of Duncan Watson, many years Sheriff-Depute of the County of Stirling byt commission from Charles II., during the minority of the Earl of Callender, heritable sheriff of that county, which Thomas was second son of James Christie, Esquire, who was several times Provost of Stirling, and was descended from the Christies of Chamberlands in the aforesaid county." James Christie was born December 2, 1738. In 1758 he proceeded to New York and subsequently joined the mercantile house at Baltimore established by his cousins James Christie of Stirling and Robert Christie of Glasgow and was known as James Christie, junior. He continued in business amassing considerable property. (90) DALGLISH, JOHN In an advertisement in the Post Boy of April 3, 1758, Dalglish stated that he was of "Glasgow from London." In that year he was entered on the Roll of Freemen. Dalglish was probably of the Glasgow family of Dalgleih which in a later generation became famous as calico printers. (91) ELPHINSTONE, JOHN John Elphinstone, eldest son of Charles, Xth Baron Elphinstone, and Clemintina, daughter of John Fleming, VIth Earl of Wintoun, was born January, 1737. When 18 years of age he entered the army receiving the appointment of Lieutenant in the 47th regiment July 2, 1755. He served during the French and Indian war, was wounded in the neck by a musket ball at the Heights of Montmorency and mentioned in Wolfe's despatch of September 26, 1759. He became Captain of the 5th division of Independent Companies October 28, 1760, then in Jamaica, West Indies. He married in 1762 Anne, daughter of James, IIId Lord Ruthven, and went on the half-pay list prior to 1765. In 1777 he was Captain of a Company of Invalids in Scotland. In 1783 he was appoinhted Lieutenant-Governor of Edinburgh Castle and died at Cumbernauld House August 19, 1794. (92) MORRIS, LEWIS Signer of the Declaration of Independence. Lewis Morris, born at Morrisania, Westchester County, New York, in 1726, was the son of Chief Justice Lewis Morris of the Vice-Admiralty Court. He graduated from Yale College in 1746 and then entered on the care of an estate at his native place, where he became a farmer on a large scale, in the "golden days of the Colonies." In 1775 he became a delegate and served on the Committee of Ways and Means to supply the Colonies with arms and ammunition, the duties of which were perhaps the most arduous of any. The same year he went to Pittsburgh to negotiate for the friendship of the Indians, and on July 4th, 1776, voted for and signed the Declaration of Independence, in consequence of which his large property was devastated by the British and his family driven into exile, from which they only returned on the evacuation of New York in 1783. The latter part of his life like the beginning was spent upon his fine estate at Morrisania, where he died January 22, 1798, in the seventy-second year of his age. (93) STUART, LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES Col. Stuart served during the French and Indian war in America and also in the West Indies where he was present at the taking of Martinique and the Havanna and also at the reduction of the Caribbee Indians at St. Vincent. After 1763 he served with the 17th regiment for six years in the "back settlements" against the Indians, afterwards purchasing his Company in the 68th regiment. He served altogether 26 years in the army. In October, 1766, he married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Schuckburgh of Albany, a surgeon in the army and at the time secretary for Indian affairs under Sir John Johnston. _______________________ 1 7 5 9 (94) ADAIR, M.D. JOHN When Dr. Adair joined the army is not known. He is first noted as being present at the Battle of Fontenoy and was then recognized as "the best surgeon in the army." From 1756 he was a surgeon on the staffs of Abercromby and Amherst during the French and Indian War. He was with Wolfe at Quebec and attended that officer when he was mortally wounded. In 1765 he was on the half-pay list as Director of Hospitals at Martinique. In 1777 Lord Barrington wrote to Gen. William Howe agreeing to send out Dr. Adair as Superintendent-General of all Hospitals in America and in a second letter refers to Adair's attendance on the Duke of Goucester during his illness. On November 30, 1778, Lord george Germaine writes to Adair expressing regret that Adair had declined going to America. Dr. Adair died "at his lodgings" in Charles Street, St. James's Square, London, September 9, 1794. (95) BAILLIE, LIEUTENANT JAMES In the pamphlet of 1770 the name of this member appears as above. No Lieutenant of that name was in the British army in America in 1759 nor in the provincial troops. There were, however, two lieutenants Baillie, Alexander and William, and both of the 60th regiment, who were in New York in that year. Alexander received his commission as Lieutenant in 1758, served through the campaign and went on half-pay in 1763. In 1764 he was in Basseterre, St. Christopher, and became known to Lord Adam Gordon. He was called to the colours in 1771 as Lieutenant in the 21st or Royal North British Fusiliers. In 1776 he became Captain in the 96th and the regiment sailed from Ireland to the relief of Quebec and was with Burgoyne at the surrender of Saratoga. In 1790 he was raised to the rank of Major and appointed as Captain of a company of Invalids in the Island of Jersey. In 1794 he became Colonel in the army, his name appearing on the Army list up to 1814. William was appointed Lieutenant in the 60th in 1756 and Captain in 1760, was wounded at Martinique in 1762 and retired on half-pay in 1763. One Captain William was appointed in 1781 Captain in the Royal American regiment of Provincials and settled on the River St. John near Fredericton, New Brunswick. The only James Baille who might have been our member was James, second son of Hugh of Dochfour and Amelia, daughter of Fraser of Relig, who was born in 1737, married Colina, daughter and co-heiress of Colin Campbell of Glenure and Janet, daughter of Hugh Mackay of Bighouse (96) CAMPBELL, JUNIOR JOHN In the pamphlet of 1770, the above appeared with no date of membership attached. It is therefore arbitrarily entered under the date of 1759 the better to fit the ascertained facts. John Campbell was apparently related to Malcolm Campbell, member 1756, our Treasurer for a time. In 1758 John collected payment for all the effects of Lord Loudoun sold at public sale. In 1759 he carried on a woolen and linen drapery business in Smith Street at the house of Mr. Cheslin opposite Mr. Proctor, the watchmaker. On May 1, 1760, he removed thence into the house of Mr. Henry Holland, next door to Messrs. De Lancey & Robinson, by the Royal Exchange, where he sold British and India goods, London porter and cheese. (97) CLEPHANE, MAJOR JAMES Major Clephane was a son of William, younger son of George of Carslogie, Fifeshire. He had been an officer in a Scottish regiment in the Dutch service, was taken prisoner at Sluys in 1747 and carried off to Dijon in Burgundy. He was shortly exchanged and put in command of Stewart's regiment at the garrison of Tournay. Tired of Holland he got transferred and probably through the influence of his brother-in-law, Rose of Kilravock, he received a commission in the 78th on condition of his raising a company. He received the appointment of Major of the 2nd Battalion. He sold out of the army in 1760, and three years later was elected a member of the Nairn Town Council. In 1765 he was unanimously elected Provost of Nairn, which office he held for several years. He died in May, 1768. (98) COLDEN, M.D. DAVID (Manager 1760-62) (1763-65) David Colden, youngest son of Lieut-Governor Cadwallader Colden, was born at Coldenham, N.Y., November 2, 1733, (O.S). He was bred a physician but never practiced his profession, except among his friends and neighbours. After May, 1761, he lived at Spring Hill, Flushing, Long Island, and acted as his father's private secretary. Like his father he devoted much of his time to scientific pursuits, corresponding with Dr. Franklin and other learned men of his time, both in Europe and America, on various philosophical subjects. On learning that James McEvers, Distributor of Stamps, had resigned his office in 1765 he addressed the Commissioner of the Stamp Office at London, asking for the appointment. Having adhered to the Crown he signed an address to Governor Tryon, October, 1776, and was attainted in 1779. He was appointed July 15, 1780, Assistant Master of the Rolls and Superintendent of Police on Long Island, with equity powers. In 1783 he went to England to seek compensation for the loss of his property confiscated by the State Legislature. He died in London, July 10, 1784, and was buried in the private grounds of St. Ann's Church, Soho, Westminster, where a monument, erected by his friends, commemorates his virtues and the esteem in which he was held by all who knew him. He married Ann, daughter of John Willet of Flushing, on February 27th, 1767. She returned to this country with her children, one son, Cadwallader David, and four daughters, and died at Coldenham, in the month of August, 1785. (99) GEMMEL, DAVID David Gemmel in 1758 was of the firm of Johnston & Gemmel at William Kennedy's house near the new Ferry stairs. In the following year he was at the same place but on his own account, and dealt in European and East Indian goods. He was drowned August 2, 1763, crossing Wright's Ferry and was buried at Constable Point, N.J. (His name appears as "Gammell" on Roll) (100) GLEN, GOVERNOR JAMES James Glen, born at Linlithgow in 1701, was educated at the University of Leyden, and on returning home held several political offices. In December, 1738, he was commissioned Governor of South Carolina, but, holding at that time the post of Seignories in Scotland, did not arrive in the Province till December 19, 1743. He was a man of considerable knowledge and ability, courteous and polite and exceedingly fond of military parade and ostentation. He entertained friendly relations with the Cherokee Indians and in the fall of 1753 visited their country and concluded a treaty by which an immense extent of their territory was ceded to the King. Governor Glen administered the Colony till June, 1756, whn he was superseded. In 1761 he published in London "A Description of South Carolina." His son John became first Chief Justice of Georgia and died in 1816. (101) GORDON, THOMAS He was the eldest son of James Gordon (1696-1765), a merchant of Garmouth, Morayshire. His mother was Margaret, daughter of John Cruickshank, Auchmadies, Boharm, Chamberlain to the Laird of Grant. From the fact that Thomas had two cousins, Thomas and Patrick Gordon, who were watchmakers in Edinburgh, he probably learned his trade there. There was a Thomas Gordon apprenticed to Patrick Gordon, Edinburgh, in 1748. In due course he went to London whence about 1758 he came to New York and opened a watchmaker's shop, locating "opposite the Merchants Coffee House." Early in 1763 one of this name married Mary Needham. In 1769 Gordon removed to Hanover Square, and was there in 1778. In 1770 he was served heir to his father who was a man of means having in 1752 lent at interest 2,000 merks to Lord Braco. (102) McDONELL, COLONEL JOHN Col. McDonell was the son of Donald, 2nd of Lochgarry, and Isabel, daughter of John Gordon of Glenbucket. He was known as "Younger," not "Junior," of Lochgarry. His father Donald was out in the '45, remained in hiding for some time and then escaped to France where his family soon followed. In 1747 John obtained a commission in the French service, in Ogilvie's regiment of Scots Guards, and in 1756 was promoted to the rank of Captain. John made his peace with the Government and received a Captaincy in the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, in 1757. He was wounded at the Heights of Abraham. He probably served all through the campaign and on the disbanding of the regiment at the peace in 1763 he was placed on the half-pay list. Later he joined the 15th regiment as Lieutenant. From that regiment he was transferred to the 71st, Fraser's Highlanders, with the rank of Captain. When the 76th or McDonald Highlanders was raised in 1777 he was appointed Lieut-Col. Commanding but on his way home from America to assume the command he was captured by an American vessel and kept a prisoner. He died unmarried at his lodgings near Leicester Square, London, October 6, 1790, and was buried at Chelsea with military honours, and with the customary rites and ceremonies due to a Highland chieftain. (Name on Roll as Capt. John McDonald, Jr.) (103) McDONELL, CAPTAIN RANALD Ranald McDonell was the second son of Alexander, XVIth of Keppoch, and Jessie, a daughter of Stewart of Appin. His father Alexander fell at Culloden whilst endeavouring to rally his retreating clansmen. Alexander was succeeded by his son Angus who later abrogated in favour of his brother Ranald. (104) MACKENZIE, M.D. KENNETH In the pamphlet of 1770, recently discovered, this member's name appeared as "Doctor Ken. McKenzie," while in all other records of the Society extant no Christian name is given. One of this name, a native of Scotland, was a resident of Williamsburg, Virginia, married Joanna, daughter of John Tyler of James City and died in 1755. He may have had a son of the same name and profession No doctor of this name, either in civil or military life, has been found and therefore it may be that it was a Captain Kenneth McKenzie who was in New York about that time. On March 25th, 1763, the New York Post Office advertised that it had letters awaiting that individual, but Captain Kenneth resided then in Union Street, Philadelphia. In 1771 one Captain Reynold McKenzie, an evident misreading of Kenneth, became a member of the Saint Andrew's Society of Philadelphia, and was in all probability the Captain Kenneth above noted. (105) McLEOD, CAPTAIN NORMAN Norman McLeod was the fourth son of Donald, Third of Talisker and Christina, daughter of John, Second of Contullich. He entered the army in January, 1756, as Ensign in the 42nd Highlanders and served under Lord Loudoun in Nova Scotia. On December 27th, 1757, he received a Lieutenancy in the 80th, or Gage's Light Infantry and served under General Abercromby in the expedition against Ticonderoga in 1758. He accompanied the expedition under Amherst on Lake Champlain and down the St. Lawrence in 1759-60. He was commissioned Captain-Lieutenant of the 80th on October 4th, 1760, and served in it till its reduction in 1763, when he went on half-pay, and some time after was appointed Commissary at Niagara. In 1766 he petitioned for a grant of 10,000 acres of land in Nova Scotia. In 1770 he received a grant of 3,000 acres of land. His name appears on the Half-pay List until 1787 when it was dropped. (106) MERCER, ROBERT Robert Mercer was a native of Perthshire. He began mercantile life in a counting house in London. In 1752, in company with John Ramsay, he came to New York, and in due time entered into partnership with his friend under the style of Mercer & Ramsay, and did business in Pearl Street "at the Sign of the Cross Keys near the Fly Market"; in 1771 they advertised as "Importers of Dry Goods betweixt the Ferry stairs and Burling's Slip; sell best quality of Indigo and inspected tobacco." Mercer took the side of the Crown at the Revolution, while Ramsay espoused the American cause and went into exile. Mercer seems to have carried on the business at No. 34 lower end of Maiden Lane during the period of the British occupation of New York. On June 21st, 1786, the firm made an assignment of certain of its assets for the purpose of satisfying all claims against it. John Thomson was one of the assignees. On November 2nd, following, "Robert Mercer, a merchant of this City," sailed on the Betsy, Captain Mesnard, for London. On March 28th, 1803, John Thomson, the then surviving assignee, announced that Mercer was dead and that he was prepared to make a settlement of the firm's affairs. (107 MILNE, LIEUTENANT DAVID David Mill or Milne received a commission as Lieutenant in the 42nd, July 19th, 1757, was wounded at Ticonderoga in 1758 and again at Martinique in 1762. He retired from the army at the peace in 1763 and married a daughter of Mr. Hamilton of Hutcheson near Glasgow. (108) OUGSTON, THOMAS Thomas Ougston dealt in European and Indian goods opposite the Fly Market. In 1762 he is found as landlord of the London Coffee House. Ougston is an Aberdeenshire name. (Name appears on Roll as Aughston) (109) RAMSAY, JOHN (Secretary 1767-70; 1771-72; 1784-85; ) ( Manager 1774-75; Treasurer 1767-72) John Ramsay was a son of James Ramsay of Perthshire and was born there in 1731. John was a native of Dundee. After receiving a liberal education in the professions of law and physic, he left his home in Scotland, and in companionship with his young friend Robert Mercer went up to London, where they entered a counting-house together. When John became twenty-one the two friends emigrated to New York, and forming a co-partnership under the firm name of Mercer & Ramsay, entered into the business of importing dry goods at "the Sign of the Cross Keys near the Fly Market." In 1762 their store was in Wall Street. He married in 1766 Elizabeth Cox, "late widow Marshal," and by her had one son Charles, and five daughters. The widow had two daughters by her first husband, Janet, who married Alexander Macomb, and Margaret, who married Col. William Armstrong, member 1791. In 1771 he became a member of the Chamber of Commerce. At the breaking out of the war Mercer took the Royalist side and the partnership was dissolved. When the British took possession of the City he removed to Millbrook, Cortlandtown, New York, where he remained on his farm till the close of the war. In 1784 he was re-elected to the Chamber of commerce, and started business again with his brother-in-law John Florentine Cox as Ramsay & Cox, at No. 51 Wall Street, opposite Pitt's Statue. In 1787 he opened, on his own account, as an auctioneer and commission merchant at 221 Queen Street, near the upper end of the Fly Market. The name of the street was afterwards changed to Pearl Street. In 1797 he was located at 135 Greenwich Street and shortly thereafter he must have retired to his farm at Cortlandtown. His wife Elizabeth died there April 13th, 1812, and his only son Charles "after a lingering illness," on September 16th following. Mr. Ramsay died December 1st, 1816, aged eighty-five years. (110) STORY, M.D., JAMES Dr. Story was surgeon of the 60th regiment, Royal Americans, receiving his appointment thereto April 16th, 1762, and remained with it until 1764 after which his name did not appear on the roll of the regiment. 1 7 6 0 (111) ABERCROMBY, LIEUTENANT-COLONEL JAMES Lieutenant-Colonel Abercromby was a son of General James Abercromby of Glassaugh, member 1758, and followed his father's profession of arms. He was promoted to a captaincy in the 42nd or Royal Highlanders in 1756. In July of the following year he was stationed at Fort Edward and thereby was saved the mortification of witnessing his father's humiliation at Ticonderoga in 1758. In 1759 he was appointed aide-de-camp to Major-General Amherst with whom he made the campaigns of that and the following year. In July, 1760, he was appointed Major of the 78th, Fraser's Highlanders, and in September following was employed by Amherst in the negotiations with the Marquis de Vaudreuil for the surrender of Montreal. in 1770 he again entered into active service as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 22nd Regiment then serving in America under the command of Major-General Gage. He took part in the Battle of Bunker Hill on June 17, 1775, leading the charge of the Grenadier Guards, and was fatally wounded, dying in Boston seven days later. (112) CAMERON, CAPTAIN ALLAN Allan Cameron of Glendessary was appointed Captain in the 77th, Montgomery's Highlanders, January 22, 1757. His previous service in the army, if any, has not been traced. Captain Cameron's connection with the regiment terminated in 1760 and his membership in this Society was coincident with his coming to New York to take ship for Scotland, this latter fact furnishing the clue to his identity. Allan Cameron, younger brother of John of Glendessary, was a son of Allan of Glendessary and Christian, daughter of Sir Ewen Cameron of Locheil by his wife Jean, daughter of Col. David Barclay, XVIIth of Urie. (113) CAMPBELL, MAJOR JAMES Major Campbell, youngest son of Lachlan Campbell of Kintra, Island of Islay, Argyleshire, Scotland, and Campbell Hall, Ulster County, New York, was born in New York October 30, 1738. He was appointed Ensign in the 48th, Colonel Daniel Webb's regiment of foot, in 1758; Lieutenant in 1760, Quartermaster in 1774, Captain-Lieutenant in 1775, Captain in 1775, Brevet-Major in the army in 1783, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in 1794, Major 48th regiment in 1795, now known as the Northamptonshire regiment. Having served for 38 years he retired by sale of his commission December 20, 1796. (114) CAMPBELL, COLONEL JOHN Colonel Campbell of Glendaruel was appointed Ensign in the 42nd, Royal Highlanders, in 1745, Lieutenant in 1748, Captain-Lieutenant in 1759, Captain in 1760, Captain 27th Inniskilling regiment in 1762, Major Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Quebec in 1773, Lieutenant-Colonel in 1777, and Colonel in 1790. He had a long and meritorious service with his regiment, the 42nd Highlanders, in all its campaigns, from the Rebellion in 1745 to the attack on Ticonderoga, where he was wounded on the 8th of July, 1758. He subsequently served as Captain in the 27th regiment in the expedition commanded by General Burgoyne, at the head of a number of Indians, and was distinguished for his spirited conduct as an officer, adorned by that elegance and politeness which mark the accomplished gentleman, and his virtues in private life endeared him to his family and companions. He died at Montreal, aged 64 years, on the 23rd day of June, 1795. (115) GORDON, BRIGADIER PATRICK Captain Patrick, or Peter, Gordon, these Christian names being synonymous in those days, was a son of George Gordon of Troquhain, who died in 1759 and to whom Patrick was served heir. In 1741 he was appointed Ensign in the 2nd battalion of the 1st regiment, known as Royal Scots. He served in the Carthagena expedition, being one of the forty officers who returned to England. In 1742 he was promoted to a lieutenantcy and in 1755 he was promoted to Captain-Lieutenant. On February 16, 1756, he became Captain. Up to this time the regiment was in Ireland. In 1758 it came to America. On June 27, 1760, Captain Gordon was wounded during an engagement with the Cherokee Indians, near Indian Town, Etchoez, while in command of the baggage guard. It is then said that he wrote on July 2nd from Fort Prince George, Quebec. In the history of the regiment he is designated Captain Peter. In October, 1761, he received the appointment of Major in the 108th Foot and in 1763 he was placed on half-pay. In 1772 he was gazetted Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel and in 1776 Lieutenant-Colonel of the 29th Foot and sailed for the relief of Quebec. On July 24th he was fatally wounded between La Prairie and St. John's. (116) LAW, JAMES In 1761 Robert and James Law advertised a sale of European and Indian and other dry goods at their store in Hanover Square, lately occupied by Mr. Lintot. In the latter part of the year James advertised that he was "intending for Europe" and desired to have all indebtedness paid up. In 1762 the firm moved to a new store "opposite the Cross Keys, near the Fly Market," and an advertisement stated that there had been added to their line of goods "Delf and Stone Ware of all kinds. In November, 1763, a notice appeared in the Mercury that indicated that the firm was closing its business, and thereafter no references of any kind have been found. (117) McADAM, CAPTAIN GILBERT Captain McAdam was the second son of James and Margaret (Reid) McAdam, and brother of William, eleventh President of the Society. His mother was a daughter of John Reid of Mid Helliar. He was appointed Lieutenant 60th, Royal Americans, in 1755, and became aide-de-camp to Lord Loudoun in 1757. He married in September, 1757, Mrs. Sarah Cunningham, daughter of Christopher Kilby, an army contractor, and had issue. In 1771 he was granted 3,000 acres of land in Essex, Chittenden County, Vermont. Some time after the war he returned to Ayrshire, where he died. (118) McKIRDY, CAPTAIN DONALD Captain McKirdy, or McCurdy, was master of the snow Barrington, of Glasgow, and was in New York on St. Andrew's Day, 1760, and again in 1761. He traded between New York, Greenock and Glasgow. (119) MARTIN, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL WILLIAM William Martin became a Captain in the Royal Artillery April 2, 1757. In 1758 he had been captured by the French and in November was exchanged at Fort Edward. In 1760 he was in command of the 4th Battalion of the Royal Artillery with headquarters in New York. Martin also served in America during the Revolution. On August 29, 1777, he became Lieutenant-Colonel in the army, in October, 1782, he was gazetted acting Brigadier-General in America, and on November 20, following, received the rank of Colonel. On October 12, 1793, he was raised to the rank of Major-General and later to that of Lieutenant-General. He died July 12, 1799, at his residence in Queen Anne Street, London. (120) MURRAY, LIEUTENANT-COLONEL ALEXANDER Lieutenant-Colonel Murray was the son of Alexander Murray of Cringletie, Feebleshire, Sheriff Depute of Peebles and member of Parliament for the County in three several Parliaments. His mother Catharine Stewart, was a daughter of Sir Robert Stewart of Tillicoultry. Colonel Murray was born about the year 1724 and married in 1749 Marion, daughter of Sir James Stewart, Bart., of Goodtrees. In due course he entered the army and we find him commissioned Major of the 45th Foot in 1755. The regiment was then in America, where it had been actively engaged. In 1755 Murray was in command at Fort Edward. In 1760 Murray received the Lieutenant-Coloneley of the 55th regiment and in 1761 he was transferred to the 48th regiment with the same rank. He took part in the expedition to Martinique, and while the army was collecting in New York Colonel Murray joined the Society. He died in March 1762. (121) NEWTON, COLONEL THOMAS Colonel Newton was the son of Thomas and Amy (Hutchings) Newton and grandson of George (whose name appears on the Royal Charter of the Borough of Norfolk, Va.), and Aphie (Effie or Euphemia?) Wilson, his wife. Colonel Newton, no doubt, traced his Scottish ancestry to his grandmother. In 1763, he married Martha Tucker and by her had two sons, Thomas and George. He was a member of the House of Burgesses for Norfolk County from 1765 to 1775 and member of the Conventions of 1775 and 1776. In 1786 he was Mayor of Norfolk and afterwards became Collector of the Port. He died in Norfolk, September 11, 1807. (122) TOLMIE, CAPTAIN NORMAND (Manager, 1766-1772) Captain Tolmie was a nbative of the Isle of Skye and naturally took to a seafaring life. In 1756 he made his home in New York and acquired a residence there in 1760. He was a merchant trader between New York, Antigua and London. From 1760 to 1764 he sailed successively the sloops Yonkers, Samuel, Two Brothers and the snow Creighton. He married July, 1761, Phoebe, daughter of Thomas Barnes, who inherited from her father considerable property and on part of it built a wharf long known as Tolmie's Wharf. At this wharf the prison ship Jersey lay for a long period. On the occupation of New York by the British by Governor Tryon, October 12, 1776, Captain of an Independent Company, known as the Highland Volunteer Militia, which served without pay.. He was appointed in 1777 by Major-General Robertson (a fellow member) Superintendent of the Watch in the Montgomery Ward for the prevention of incendiarism. (123) YOUNG, COLONEL JOHN Colonel Young, before coming to America, had been in the Dutch service. On April 26, 1751, he was promoted from Major of the 60th to be brevet Lieutenant-Colonel of the same regiment, with the promise of being Governor of Virginia.. On coming to America he was sent to Fort William Henry. In 1758 he commanded the 2nd Battalion of the 60th regiment, with the rank of Colonel in America, and in the campaign against Quebec in 1759, commanded the 3rd Battalion. While commanding the 60th Colonel Young was Deputy Grand Master of the Freemasons of Scotland and the regiment had its lodge of Freemasonry, styled Lodge No. 7, which worked under a traveling warrant. In 1761 he exchanged into the 46th Foot; in 1762 he was promoted to be Colonel in the army, and died in November following. 1 7 6 1 (124) ALEXANDER, MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM (President, 1761-64) William Alexander was born at 67 Broad Street, in New York City, in 1726 and died at Albany, January 15, 1783. He engaged in the provision business with his mother, the widow of David Provoost. In connection with his business young Alexander joined the British army in the commissariat department and became aide-de-camp to Governor Shirley. He married Sarah, daughter of Philip Livingston, by whom he had two daughters, Mary, who married Robert Watts, and Catherine, who took as her first husband William Duer and as her second William Neilson. At the breaking out of the Revolution Alexander was an ardent patriot and entered the Revolutionary army in October, 1775, as Colonel of the Battalion of East New Jersey, called the "Jersey Blues." He distinguished himself by the capture in New York harbour of the British armed transport Blue Mountain Valley, for which exploit Congress, in March, 1776, appointed him a Brigadier-General. In February, 1777, he was promoted to the rank of Major-General. He was one of the founders of Columbia College, called King's College before the Revolution, and became its first Governor. 1 7 6 1 (125) BRUCE, M.D., WILLIAM Dr. Bruce was a surgeon in the Royal Artillery and had a brother, Archibald, a surgeon in the Royal Navy. He married Judith, daughter of Nicholas Bayard, and grand-daughter of Jacob Leisler, well known in New York in pre-Revolution days. By her he had three children, Thomas Gage, Elizabeth Rynders and Archibald, who was born after April 14, 1775, the date of Dr. Bruce's will, as he is not mentioned therein. The son Archibald followed in his father's footsteps, entered the medical profession, and in course of time became a member of this Society. Dr. Bruce was appointed January 2, 1776, Surgeon to the General Hospital, and on Christmas Day of that year Extra Physician on the Staff, and subsequently head of the Medical Department of the British army in New York. In the fall of 1778 he accompanied the Expedition to St. Lucia, West Indies, under General Grant, as Physician to the Field Hospital, and died there November 15, 1779. On January 10, 1782, General Sir Henry Clinton wrote from new York to the War Office in London recommending for assistance "the destitute family of Dr. Bruce." Dr. Bruce's wife, Judith, seems to have been a widow when she married the doctor, as her will, dated January 9, 1813, speaks of her son, John J. Van Rensselaer, who pre-deceased her and grandchildren of the same name. (126) CAMPBELL, COLONEL ALEXANDER Colonel Campbell, eldest son of Captain John Campbell, Vthy of Barcaldine, was born in the year 1729. His mother was Margaret, daughter of John Campbell of Keithock. Though but sixteen years of age he served as a volunteer in the Argyleshire Militia during the Rising of 1745-6, where his behaviour was such as to procure him a company in the Expedition to the East Indies under Admiral Boscawen, his commission as Captain being dated June 2, 1747. He took part in the attack on the Mauritius, the attack and capture of Ariancopang, August 26, 1748, and the siege of Pondicherry. In a letter to his parents under date of Fort St. David, October 15, 1748, after describing the campaign, he implored them to get hinm into a Marching Regiment "as he'd as soon live in Hell as in India." In 1750 he was placed on half-pay, but in 1753 he was again called to the colours as Captain in the 1st Royal regiment of Foot, now the Royal Scots, the regiment as Captain in the 1st Royal regiment of Foot, now the Royal Scots, the regiment being quartered in Kilkenny, Ireland. In 1757 he was appointed Major in the 77th Montgomery's Highlanders, embarking at Greenock for Halifax. At the commencement of operations in 1758 the regiment proceeded to New York and thence to Philadelphia, where it was quartered in the Barracks familiarly called Camptown. He served throughout the war from 1757 to 1763, including the attack and capture, on September 11, 1758, of Fort Duquesne (where the city of Pittsburgh now stands) under Brigadier-General Forbes, in which the regiment suffered severely. Captain Campbell took part in the reduction of Ticonderoga in July and Crown Point in Ayugust, 1759, under General Amherst; the affair with the Cherokee Indians in 1760 and the surrender of Montreal in September of that year. In April, 1761, he embarked at Halifax for New York and at this time became a member of the Society. His next appointment was the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the 95th, Colonel Burton's regiment, raised in 1760 in South Carolina as an independent corps for service in the expedition to the West Indies under Lord Albemarle. With this regiment he took part in the capture of Martinique, April, 1762, and the siege and capture of Havana in July of the same year. At the peace in 1763 he was placed on half-pay. On November 16, 1774, he received the appointment of Deputy Governor of Fort George, near Nairn, Scotland, and in 1777 became Colonel in the army. He married, August 1, 1765, Helen, daughter of George Sinclair, and sister of Sir John Sinclair, Baronet, of Ulbster. Colonel Campbell died at Bath, England, April 22, 1779 and was buried in Bath. Source: Biographical Register of Saint Andrew's Society of the State of New York. Vol. I 1756-1806 In two parts. By: William M. MacBean, LL.D. Publisher: New York Printed for the Society Copyright: 1922 This edition is limited to Four Hundred Copies, of which this Copy is No. 164. ___________________________________________ Transcribed by Miriam Medina RETURN to SOCIETY Main RETURN to BROOKLYN MAIN