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One Hundred and Thirty-Ninth New York Infantry
The 139th NY Infantry was organized in Brooklyn, NY
during August 1862. It was mustered into service
there on Sept. 9, 1862.
More details on the various companys of the regiment
is as follows;
"A" recuited in Brooklyn, Brookhaven, Flatbush
,Hampstead, & Jamaica.
"B" recuited in Brooklyn.
"C" recuited in Brooklyn.
"D" recuited in Brooklyn
"E" recuited in Brooklyn
"F" recuited in Brooklyn
"G" recuited in Brooklyn.
"H" recuited in Brooklyn & Smithtown
"I" recuited in Brooklyn, Flatbush, Hempstead, Islip, & Jamaica.
"K" recuited in Brooklyn
Sometimes, units were often know by an alternate
designation taken from the name of it's commanding
officer. These name are:
Anthony Conk's Infantry
Samuel H Roberts' Infantry
Edgar Perry's Infantry
Thomas Mulcahy's Infantry
Andrew Morris' Infantry
Embre Rogers' Infantry
Theodore Miller's Infantry
On September 11, 1862 the regiment
was ordered to Fortress Monroe, Virginia.
There it joined the Department of Virginia. T
he unit served in that command until July, 1863.
At that time the command was enlarged and renamed the
Department of Virginia and North Carolina.The regiment
served in that command until April, 1864. It then
joined the Army of the James, serving in that Army
for the rest of its career.The list below are the higher
command assignments of the regiment.
Attached, Camp Hamilton, Virginia,
Dept of Virginia Sept.1862-Dec.1862
Busteed's Independent Brigade, Yorktown, VII Corps.Dec.1862-April 1863
Department of Virginia
West's Brigade, VII Corps,
April 1863-July 1863
West's Advance Brigade, IV Corps. Dept. of Virginia May 1863-July 1863
Wistar's Brigade, US Forces at Yorktown,
Dept of Virginia & North Carolina
First Brigade, US Forces at Yorktown,
Dept.of Virginia & North Carolina
Virginia & North Carolina
Attached, Heckman's Division, Portsmouth,Virginia,April 1864
Department of Virginia & North Carolina.
FirstDivision, XVIICorps, April 1864-Dec.1864
Army of the James First Brigade,
Third Division, XXIV, Dec.1864-June 1865
Army of the James.
The 139th NY Infantry took part in more than 25
engagements during its service. These are listed below.
The numbers after each event correspond with the
numbers on the map following this list.
Action, Whittaker's Mills and Fort Magruder
April 11, 1863 near Williamsburg , Virginia
Dix's Peninsula Campaign, VA June 24 - July7, 1863
Expediation from White House  to Bottoms' July 1 -7, 1863
Bridge , VA.
Action, Baltimore Cross Roads, VA.  July 2, 1863
Engagement, Crump's Cross Roads, July 2-3, 1863
Bottom's Bridge, VA 
Expedition from Williamsburg  to Charles Dec 12-14, 1863
City Court House , VA
Skirmish near the Chickahominy River, VA Dec. 11, 1863
Skirmish, Forge Bridge, VA Dec. 12, 1863
Skirmish, Charles City Court House, VA  Dec. 12, 1863
Scout from Williamsburg, VA  Jan. 19, 1864
Scout from Williamsburg, VA.  Jan. 24, 1864
Wistar's Expedition against Richmond, VA  Feb. 6-8, 1864
Butler's Operations on the South Side of the James May 4-28, 1864
River against Petersburg & Richmond, VA. 
Occupation, City Point  & Bermuda Hundred , VA May 5, 1864
Engagement, Swift Creek [Arrowfield Church], VA May 9-10, 1864
Operations against Fort Darling, VA  May 12-16, 1864
Battle, Drewry's Bluff, VA.  May 14-16, 1864
Operations on the Bermuda Hundred Front, VA  May 16-27, 1864
Battles around Cold Harbor, VA  June 1-12, 1864
Assault, Petersburg, VA.  June 15-16, 1864
Siege Operations against Petersburg & Richmond,VA.
June 16, 1864- April 2, 1865
Assault, Petersburg, VA.  June 18, 1864
Battle, Chaffin's Farm , New Market Heights , VA. Sept.28-30, 1864
Assault & Capture, Fort Harrison, Petersburg Lines, VA. Sept. 29,1864
Engagement, Fair Oaks, Darbytown Road, VA.  Oct. 27-28, 1864
Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9, 1865
Occupation, Richmond, VA.  April 2, 1865
Sometime soon after the fall of Richmond, the regiment
was placed on Provost Duty in that city, later serving
the same duty in Manchester, VA. The regiment was mustered
out of Federal service in Richmond on June 19, 1865.
During its career, the 139th NY Infanrty sustained
the loss of Five Officers and Sixty Enlisted men
killed or mortally wounded. Additionally, One Officer
and Seventy Nine Enlisted men died from disease or other
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